|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xix, 224 l.|
|Number of Pages||224|
Archaeologists working at a major archaeological dig in the s in the Tucson Basin, along the Santa Cruz River, identified a culture and people that were ancestors of the Hohokam who might have occupied southern Arizona as early as BCE. This prehistoric group from the Early Agricultural Period grew corn, lived year-round in sedentary. The Museum’s cultural heritage exhibits should pique visitor interest in the museum and surrounding communities. This historic preservation project has been enthusiastically received by citizens of the Santa Cruz Valley as well as the members, boards and professional staffs of many area public and private agencies. bility returned to the Santa Cruz River. However, arroyo cutting occurred again on the floodplain of. the Santa Cruz River sometime betweenA.D. and (Waters ). This arroyo-cutting episode. coincides with the reorganization and depopulation. of the Hohokam in the Tucson Basin at the end of. the Classic period. Lower San Pedro Valley. These early Arizonans began planting corn around 2, B.C., and thereafter began to develop societies of great complexity and cultural achievement. In central and southern Arizona, the Hohokam built a society based on agriculture supported by a vast network .
Hohokam Canal Irrigation and the Formation of Irragric Anthrosols in the Middle Gila River Valley, Arizona, USA Article (PDF Available) in Geoarchaeology 30(4) July with 1, Reads. By , the Gadsden Purchase formed the southeastern corner of Arizona, then Mexico, making it part of the United States. Santa Cruz County, created in by Arizona's 20th Territorial Assembly, is named after the Santa Cruz River which was named in the late s by Father Kino. Santa Cruz means "holy cross" in Spanish. the Gila River Valley, including large canals near the Casa Grande Ruins west of Florence. The disappearance of this civilization may have been due to changes and variability of the local climate. Following the demise of the Hohokam culture, the Akimel O’odham (Pima), as likely descendants of the complex Hohokam culture, became established in. The Tucson Basin Indians were a small part of the total Hohokam occupation of southern Arizona. This occupation extended from Gila Bend on the west to Globe on the east, and from the north near Flagstaff to near the Arizona-Mexico border in the south. The Gila and Salt River valleys remained the heartland of the Hohokam culture through time.
were Pima urvivors s in the Santa Cruz area after the Hohokam.5 C. ANGLO-AMERICAN IMPACT In my research I could not find any reference to navigation of the Santa Cruz by the Pimas. Spanish explorers, while often traveling the Santa Cruz river also did not appear to use water craft. 4 Fuller et. al. Exhibit Section 2 pg Arizona only became a state in , and the region—formerly part of Mexico—wasn't even a U.S. territory until the s. The area is also one of the earliest inhabited areas of the country, with evidence of Hohokam settlements dating back thousands of years. All of these elements make Tucson. now northern Mexico, also probably traded and interacted with the Hohokam and other southwest cultures. The Origins of the Hohokam Culture The Hohokam were farmers who lived in south/central Arizona and northern Mexico from roughly A.D. 1 to A.D. They demonstrated their successful adaptation to the harsh Sonoran Desert environment by. In archaeologists from the Cultural Resource Management Division of the Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, excavated a Rillito phase Hohokam settlement that lay in the path of the Tucson Aqueduct Phase B, Central Arizona Project. The site, AZ AA, nicknamed "Fastimes," was located northwest of Tucson at the northern end of the Avra Valley, some 6,7 km southwest of the.